Showing posts with label ICND1. Show all posts
Showing posts with label ICND1. Show all posts

Thursday, 1 September 2016

Cisco updated their CCNA Routing & Switching Certification - Here’s everything you need to know:

On the 17th of May Cisco announced some major changes to their flagship CCNA Routing & Switching certification moving from version 2 to 3 – here’s a breakdown of everything you need to know about the new and improved version 3.

What is the CCNA Routing & Switching?

The Routing & Switching certification aims to teach you the knowledge and skills needed to install, operate and troubleshoot a small-to-medium enterprise branch network as well as the basic network security and complex connections. The course is made up of ICND1 (CCENT) and ICND2 (CCNA), which collectively equate to the CCNA.   


Why has the CCNA Routing & Switching Certification been updated?

Although characteristic of Cisco to update their leading courses every four to five years, Pim Leemans, Cisco instructor, suggests there are additional reasons behind the revamp. “The way we learn has been changing a lot in previous years. Unlike before there will be less theory and more learning by just doing”. Cisco reflect these changes in learning through the introduction of Discovery and Challenge Labs, which teach and test students through practical tasks. Cisco state that the developments of the Routing & Switching certification also aims to meet the advancements in technology and better empower IT professionals with “the understanding of software defined networking (SDN) and the integration of virtualised resources utilised in Enterprise network architectures”.

What do the changes look like?  

Course
Exam
Course
Exam
Interconnecting Cisco Network Devices Part 1 (ICND1)
100-101 ICND1
Interconnecting Cisco Network Devices Part 1 (ICND1)
100-105 ICND1
Interconnecting Cisco Network Devices Part 2 (ICND2)
200-101 ICND2
Interconnecting Cisco Network Devices Part 2 (ICND2)
200-105 ICND2
Composite CCNA
200-120 CCNA
Composite CCNA
200-125 CCNA

Aside from the changes in the exam numbers, the content of the Routing & Switching certification has changed.

Changes from ICND1 v2.0 to ICND1 v3.0:

Pim Leemans describes the largest changes within ICND1 as the treatment of RIP as the only routing protocol and subjects on device management being moved from ICND2 to ICND1.  


Key topics removed or moved to ICND2:

  • OSPF (single area) and other OSPF topics were moved to ICND2 since RIP is used to introduce CCENT candidates to IP routing protocols.
  • Dual Stack was removed as there are multiple IPv4 and IPv6 transition technologies being used.
  • Cisco Express Forwarding (CEF) has been removed.  

Key topics added:

  • High level knowledge of the impact and interactions of infrastructure components, such as:
    • Firewalls
    • Access Points
    • Wireless Controllers
  • An awareness of the Collapsed Core architecture instead of the traditional three-tier architectures. This effectively joins Distribution and Core into a single tier with Access as a second tier.  
  • Required to configure and verify IPv6 Stateless Address Auto Configuration (SLAAC).
  • Added Anycast to the list of IPv6 addressing types.
  • Required to have knowledge of Link Layer Discovery Protocol (LLDP). An L2 discovery protocol used in addition to Cisco Discovery Protocol.
  • RIPv2 for IPv4 serves as a primary focus for routing protocols.
  • Added requirements to understand DNS and DHCP related connectivity issues.
  • Understanding of Syslog message logging for device monitoring.
  • Skills and knowledge for backing up and restoring device configurations.

Changes from ICND2 v2.0 to ICND2 v3.0

Pim Leemans believes the ICND2 “has changed the most” with the emphasis on outdated technologies such as Frame Relay being replaced by Multi-Link PPP and PPPoE. The more challenging subjects of EBGP, RADIUS and Tacacs+ authentication are now also addressed.

Key topics removed:

  • Frame Relay and Serial WAN technology has been omitted
  • Only HSRP remains from First Hop Redundancy Protocols (VRRP and GLBP removed).

Key topics added:

  • Required to have knowledge of dual-homed vs single-homed Intelligent WAN topology options.
  • Need basic knowledge of external BGP (eBGP) used to connect Enterprise branches.
  • VPN topics now include; DMVPN, Site-to-Site VPN and Client VPN in common Enterprise use.
  • Must have an understanding of how Cloud resources are being used in Enterprise network architectures e.g.
    • How Cloud services will affect traffic paths and flows
    • Common virtualised services and how these coexist with legacy infrastructure
    • Basics of virtual network infrastructure (Network Function Virtualisation)
  • Awareness of Programmable Network (SDN) architectures including:
    • Separation of the control data plane
    • How a controller functions and communicates northbound to network applications and southbound to the R&S infrastructure using API’s.
  • Using Path Trace applications for ACLs, which is an essential new network application enabled by the Application Policy Infrastructure Controller – Enterprise Module (APIC-EM).
    • The tool is designed to automate the troubleshooting and resolution of complex ACL deployments.
  • Understanding QoS concepts related to marking, shaping and policing mechanisms for congestion management.
    • Need an understanding of how QoS is used for prioritising voice, video and data traffic. Plus an understanding of the automation provided by programmable networks to implement business critical QoS policies.  

For even more detail on the curriculum changes:



What does this mean for the old exams?

The exams 100-101 ICND1 and 200-120 CCNA can no longer be taken (August 20th deadline). The ICND2 exam, however, can still be taken until the 24th of September this year.

Can I combined exams?

Yes, if you already have the ICND1 (CCENT) certification v2.0 then you can get the ICND2 (CCNA) certification v3.0 and still end up with your CCNA qualification.









Wednesday, 18 February 2015

How to revise Cisco CCNA for free


By Sarah Morgan


Studying quality revision resources is crucial – when preparing for your CCNA exams. You can’t afford to waste time trawling the web for revision material.

It can be hard to find quality resources that you don’t have to pay for. We’ve previously discussed our top 5 paid CCNA revision books – now it’s time for our top free resources.


Free CCNA video tutorials & guides


High quality video content is an invaluable tool during self-study. Written revision resources are great, but things can get dull (especially after your third cup of coffee!). Video content can provide a welcome respite – you’ll still be learning about CCNA, but in a more passive way.

Plus, you’ll find variety CCNA topics easier to memorise better when accompanied by screen captures and live demonstrations.

There are plenty of quality free guides, how-to’s and tutorials available online. Here’s our pick of the bunch:


Dans Courses 

Dan Alberghetti has been teaching CCNA certification courses through the Cisco Academy for the past 11 years and it shows. You’ll find an abundance of quality video content on Dan’s YouTube channel – just make sure you check the upload date, some videos are now up to five years old! And remember, the new CCNA exam was introduced in 2014 – take a look at most recent updates.





NetworKing 

Though not as comprehensive as Dans Courses, NetworKing provides a series of compelling introductory CCNA videos. You’ll be guided through ten 20 minute videos by the concise and affable Imran Rafal – covering topics from Network fundamentals to Real World Switching.

This is a great resource. However, as many have pointed out, these videos should only be used as a supplementary resource. Relying on just these videos will not give you the breadth of knowledge you need to pass.





ShrikeCast with Andrew Crouthamel

This mammoth series of 84 videos is another brilliant resource for anyone embarking on CCNA self-study. The videos range in length from 5 – 25 minutes and provide an introduction to networking and the CCNA syllabus.






Free CCNA study guides


To supplement your revision, you should be regularly referring to a variety of study guides. By using these you’ll start to build the base of knowledge you need to take on the CCNA exams. These study guides are typically large and unexciting, but provide an invaluable source of information.


Free CCNA Study Guide

This massive online directory covers topics found within both the ICND1 and ICND2 exams. Each in-depth chapter covers a huge range of CCNA topics with accompanying diagrams and illustrations. Despite not yet being updated for IPv6, Free CCNA Study Guide remains a fantastic revision resource.

Access it here.


Omnisecu

Omnisecu provides a staggering 159 well-illustrated CCNA lessons. These lessons cover a massive breadth of topics (including IPv6) that can be studied in sequence. It’s simple, informative and robust.  

Plus, Omnisecu also covers Basic Networking and TCP/IP – topics you’ll be expected to understand before you start revising the CCNA.


CCNA Help – CCNA eBook

This eBook covers almost all important topics found within the CCNA exams and also includes some sample questions & answers.

Despite being visually unappealing, with a noticeable lack of diagrams, this resource retains its place as a useful source of quality CCNA information.  Find it here.


Free Cisco Routing Simulators


Routing simulators are invaluable tools for anyone studying networking. Applying the knowledge and skills you’ve been learning should be an integral part of your CCNA study. To help you do just that we recommend you take a look at NetSimK, LammleSim and GNS3.


Free Practice exams


The penultimate test – can you achieve a passing score on a practice exam? There’s only one way to find out. The below practice exams and questions will help you gauge you readiness for the real thing.


Test Clues

You’ll have to submit your email to sign up to Test Clues, but it’s well worth the effort. Inside you’ll find fully functional exams for both ICND1 and ICND2. Sign up here.



Go Certify

A minimalistic set of CCNA exam questions provided hosted on Go Certify and provided by ccprep. Find it here.


Are you ready for the CCNA exam?

This short 10 question quiz tests your knowledge on a variety of Cisco exam topics. Questions and detailed answers are taken from the book CCNA Exam Cram, Second Edition. Take the quiz.


Cert Exams

Certexams.com features a series of practice questions as well as a free downloadable exam simulator that includes testlets, simlets and router simulations. Take a look at the practice exam questions and download the exam simulator.


MeasureUp

The demo version of MeasureUp still provides some great practice exam experience. You’ll find shortened versions of both the ICND1 and ICND2 exams, though you’ll need to reach for your wallet to access the full tests.



Bonuses include two distinct testing modes - Study mode and Certification mode – as well as extensive customisable test options.


Firebrand Learn

We’ve uploaded our ICND1 & ICND2 lab guides to Firebrand Learn.  Get started on these two comprehensive lab guides right away – they’re totally free and there’s no need to sign up.

Found any hidden gems during your CCNA revision? Comment below and we’ll add them to the guide.


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About the Author:        
Sarah writes for Firebrand Training on a number of IT related topics. This includes exams, training, certification trends, project management, certification, careers advice and the industry itself. Sarah has 11 years of experience in the IT industry.